What Are CBD Terpenes and What Do They Do?
As CBD has gained popularity you are hearing and seeing a lot about the different compounds found in industrial hemp plants such as cannabinoids and terpenes. We know that cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinoids interact with our endocannabinoid systems (ECS) to bring our bodies back to homeostasis, but what are terpenes? What do terpenes do?
Terpenes are the potent chemical compounds found in plants that give them their colors, flavors, and aromas. You can find them in most plants and even a few animals, like swallowtail butterflies and termites.
Have you ever noticed how evergreen trees smell and wondered what makes the pine, cedar, and spruce trees smell different even though they are all basically the same? Each of these trees has a unique terpene profile yielding its own specific characteristic scent.
Terpenes are also one of the major components of essential oils and are frequently used in perfume, aromatherapy, and foods because they evaporate quickly. Many are thought to have different nutritive benefits, for instance, Vitamin A is a type of terpene. Even a lot of the foods we come across on a daily basis contain terpenes. Maple syrup, for example, contains over 300 different terpenes.
There are over 20,000 terpenes known today and over 200 of those are a product of the cannabis plant. Overall, one of the most populous types of chemicals found in plants is terpenes. Based on their molecular makeup, terpenes are generally organized into categories, diterpenes, monoterpenes, and sesquiterpenes.
Each species of plant has its own unique ratio and blend of terpenes that determine specific characteristics that each plant has; this is known as their terpene profile.
How Many Terpenes Are in CBD?
There are more than 200 different types of terpenes in hemp, and each hemp cultivar has its own, exclusive terpene profile.
Here are some of the most common terpenes found in hemp:
- Beta-Caryophyllene (BCP)
The one and only terpene that interacts directly with you CB2 cannabinoid receptor in your body’s endocannabinoid system. BCP was the very first dietary cannabinoid to be approved by the FDA and is often used as a food additive. Not only is it found in hemp it's also in various leafy, green vegetables, oregano, basil, and black pepper. BCP has been found to alleviate some cases of temporary symptoms of inflammation.
Pinene is one of the most common terpenes and found in conifers (evergreens), sage, rosemary, and of course, hemp. It is known for deterring insects and animals, as well as its anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antioxidant properties. Research has found it to promote focus and alertness and deter the growth of tumor cells.
Limonene is a powerful, second most common, terpene that has a strong citrus flavor and odor found in hemp, many citrus fruits, peppermint, and juniper. It is known to promote a relaxed state with a sense of well-being, working as an antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, and has several other nutritive benefits.
Found in most varieties of cannabis plants, Myrcene is the smallest but most prevalent terpene. Depending on the level of the strain it could cause a lazy feeling in high amounts or an energetic feeling in low amounts. It can allow for a higher bioavailability, has anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-insomnia, anti-psychotic, and other nutritive effects. The Myrcene terpene can be found in basil, hemp, hops, lemongrass, mango, and thyme.
Aside from hemp, Linalool commonly found in basil, coriander, hops, lavender, oregano, and rosemary. Research has found it might promote the feeling of well-being working as an anti-depressant, anti-psychotic, anti-epileptic, and anti-inflammatory with sedative effects.
Nerolidol is one of the most highly stable terpenes molecularly and can be found in the peelings of citrus fruit, ginger, jasmine, and tea tree.
Full-Spectrum CBD Preserves Hemp’s Full Terpene Profile
The extraction process is what determines how many terpenes are found in each batch of CBD oil. Using the CO2 extraction technique, the manufacturer will create the cleanest, purest full spectrum of cannabinoids, antioxidants, flavonoids, phytonutrients, and terpenes.
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